Nestled in southern most end of Jharkhand State, Jamshedpur is encircled by West Bengal and Orissa state. The mean height of Jamshedpur city is 135m whereas the range is spread from 129m to 151m. The entire geographical region of this city is approximately 150 sq m. Jamshedpur is mainly nestled in a mountainous region while is encircled by Dalma Hills that run from west to east being covered with highly dense forest.
Another small hilly range that can be found near to this city are Jadugoda Musabani and Ukam hill ranges. Jamshedpur is also considered to be part of bigger Chota Nagpur Plateau areas. This area is made of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks which belong to Dharwarian period.
This city is nestled at confluence of Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers of which the former is the main river of this city. This river runs from west to south eastern region of this territory. Several small rivers particularly the tributaries flow and seam the Subarnarekha River here. Another river Kharkai flows links this Subarnarekha river flowing from the south while meets at region known as Domuhani.
These two rivers can be considered as the main source of drinking water along with the ground water for Jamshedpur. Many lakes of different sizes can also be found here close to the fringes of Jamshedpur. The main lake – Dimna Lake lies amid the Sitarampur reservoir and Dalma range. Sitarampur reservoir is also close to Kharkai River. Infact the two of these are considered as reservoirs for the entire city serving as source of drinking water.
Jamshedpur falls under main deciduous kind of forest area and nearly 33% of the land is covered with greenery. This city is part of Seismic Zone II area.